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S&P 500 Inches Towards Record High: Analysts Eye ‘Santa Claus Rally’ Amidst Concerns

December 28, 2023

Stocks closed higher as the S&P 500 edged up 0.14%, nearing its all-time high from January 2022. The Dow Jones Industrial Average also hit a new closing high, while the Nasdaq Composite rose 0.16%, marking an eight-week winning streak. Analysts anticipate a potential ‘Santa Claus rally’ despite concerns over market over-optimism, cautioning investors about unexpected shifts as the Federal Reserve’s rate decisions loom. Additionally, the US Dollar weakened against major currencies, influenced by lower Treasury yields and economic data releases, while the commodity market saw Gold nearing record highs and Silver stabilizing.

Stock Market Updates

Stocks closed higher, with the S&P 500 edging up 0.14% to nearly reach its all-time high from January 2022, ending at 4,781.58. The Dow Jones Industrial Average also hit a new closing high, while the Nasdaq Composite rose 0.16%. This climb marks an eight-week winning streak for the S&P, Dow, and Nasdaq, with the S&P nearing its record. Analysts anticipate a ‘Santa Claus rally,’ a period noted for market upswings at the end of one year and the start of the next, which historically sees an average increase of about 1.3% for the S&P 500.

Despite the overall positive market sentiment, concerns loom regarding potential over-optimism. Some experts worry that the market’s enthusiasm might lead to disappointment if the Federal Reserve delays rate cuts. While Fed funds futures indicate possible rate cuts as early as March, experts caution that the current bullish sentiment might expose investors to unexpected market shifts, especially with 90% of S&P 500 stocks trading above their 50-day moving average, suggesting a level of market “frothiness.” Analysts advise caution amidst this optimistic climate to guard against unforeseen market volatility.

Data by Bloomberg

On Wednesday, across various sectors, the market showed a modest overall increase of 0.14%. Health care and real estate sectors led the gains, both surging by 0.46%, followed closely by consumer staples at 0.44%. Sectors like consumer discretionary and materials experienced moderate gains at 0.27% and 0.25%, respectively. However, there were declines in certain sectors, with energy facing the most significant drop of 0.53%, followed by communication services at -0.21% and utilities at -0.12%. Information technology saw the smallest change, with a marginal increase of 0.02%.

Currency Market Updates

The currency markets saw a notable weakening of the US Dollar as the US Dollar Index (DXY) dropped below 101.00, marking its lowest point since July. This decline was attributed to a combination of factors, including the 10-year Treasury yield hitting a five-month low at 3.78%, coupled with the 2-year settling at 4.24%, the lowest since May. Amidst this, US stocks hovered near recent highs, especially the Dow Jones, which edged closer to an all-time high. However, the Dollar’s decline persisted due to increased risk appetite and the sustained pressure of lower Treasury yields. The release of economic data further exacerbated the situation, with the Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index dropping to -11 in December, reflecting worse-than-expected figures across shipments, new orders, and employment. The upcoming release of the weekly Jobless Claims report, trade figures, and November’s Pending Home Sales report could add to the market’s sentiment.

Meanwhile, the Euro (EUR/USD) surged past 1.1100 for the first time in five months, driven by the broad-based weakness of the Dollar. The Pound (GBP/USD) also witnessed a strengthening trend, reaching 1.2802, its strongest level since August, although it subsequently retreated slightly. The Japanese Yen outperformed amidst the Dollar’s decline, pushing USD/JPY below 142.00 and approaching December lows. Australian (AUD/USD) and New Zealand (NZD/USD) currencies remained in upward trajectories, facing resistance levels around 0.6850 and reaching the 0.6350 area, respectively, backed by a combination of risk appetite and lower yields. Conversely, the Canadian Dollar (USD/CAD) experienced a lag despite bottoming at 1.3175, its lowest since August, as it climbed back above 1.3200 by the end of the trading day. In the commodity market, Gold continued its upward trajectory, nearing a record close above $2,070, while Silver stagnated around $24.25, failing to follow Gold’s upward trend.

Picks of the Day Analysis
EUR/USD (4 Hours)

EUR/USD Surges Above 1.1100 Amid Dollar’s Decline

The EUR/USD rallied past the 1.1100 mark propelled by a weakening US Dollar, sinking below 101.00 in the DXY index for the first time in five months. With US Treasury yields hitting new lows amidst expectations of Federal Reserve rate cuts in the upcoming year, the Dollar faced downward pressure while equity markets remained buoyant. Despite quiet trading, anticipation grows for crucial reports like the US weekly Jobless Claims and Spain’s preliminary inflation figures. As 2023 concludes, the serene market conditions continue to weigh on the Dollar, setting the stage for a pivotal turn with the impending release of US employment data next week.

Chart EUR/USD by TradingView

On Wednesday, the EUR/USD moved higher and reached the upper band of the Bollinger Bands. Currently, the price moving slightly below the upper band, suggesting a potential upward movement. Notably, the Relative Strength Index (RSI) maintains its position at 75, signaling a bullish outlook for this currency pair.

Resistance: 1.1138, 1.1222

Support: 1.1043, 1.0946

XAU/USD (4 Hours)

XAU/USD Navigates Volatility Amidst Cautious Dollar and Fed Watch

Gold (XAU/USD) is experiencing a pause as the US Dollar (USD) stabilizes amidst market caution, despite sluggish US Treasury bond yields. Investors, returning from the Christmas holiday, are refraining from substantial trades, closely monitoring macroeconomic developments. Uncertainty looms as Fed interest rate cut expectations for 2024 remain ambiguous, leaving Gold buyers in suspense. The dovish sentiment surrounding the Fed’s policy shift strengthened following lackluster data on the Core PCE Price Index, propelling the US Dollar Index to a five-month low. With thin liquidity and cautious trading ahead due to the holiday week, Gold’s trajectory remains vulnerable to intense fluctuations amidst this landscape.

Chart XAU/USD by TradingView

On Wednesday, XAU/USD moved higher and reached the upper band of the Bollinger Bands. Currently, the price moving at the upper band, suggesting a potential upward movement. The Relative Strength Index (RSI) stands at 72, signaling a bullish outlook for this pair.

Resistance: $2,088, $2,103

Support: $2,070, $2,048

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